Transmissions 2018

Following the success of ‘Transmissions 2015’, Bophana Audiovisual Resource Center renews this experience in 2018. Transmissions 2018 can be considered as an online exhibition on inter-generational dialogue between the Khmer Rouge survivors and youth. Through documenting and sharing their personal stories, ‘Transmissions 2018’ focuses on the importance of “Acts of Memory” for Cambodian people to move forward.

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  • July 30, 2018 · 12:00 am
  • Bophana Center
  • Acts of Memory

1.PATH OF LIFE

Length: 20’18
Year: 2017
Place: Battambang

After the collapse of the Khmer Rouge, a wide gap in knowledge remains between those who survived the horrors of the regime and those who were born later. In families, intergenerational dialogue happens between parents and children. Such is the case of Mr. IM Bunchhoeun and Mrs. SOEUN Chanthorn, Khmer rouge survivors, who retrace their path from 1975 to 1979 with their children who were born after the Khmer rouge.


2.CHAN PHAI’S INTERVIEW

Length: 18’26
Year: 2017
Place: Pursat

Mrs. CHAN Phai details her personal story under the Khmer rouge: how she was displaced by the Khmer rouge’s agricultural policy; how they separated her from her husband; how much it hurt her when she was ordered to marry another man; and how vulnerable she was while detained in a KR prison as a witness of sexual violence suffered by fellow female prisoners.


3.IM SAMETH’S INTERVIEW

Length: 19’58
Year: 2017
Place: Battambang

Mrs. IM Sameth, primary school teacher at Kompong Prieng in Battambang province and civil party in case 002/02 at the Khmer rouge tribunal, was a high school student when the Khmer rouge rose in power. She was married to Long Chhoeun who was a base people. It was a collective marriage arranged by Angkar (the Khmer rouge). In this interview, they recall their past under this regime, especially their revolutionary wedding.


4.HENG KUYLANG’S INTERVIEW

Length: 16’50
Year: 2017
Place: Battambang

Mrs. Heng speaks about her married life under the Khmer rouge regime. On April 17, 1975, she was forced to evacuate from Phnom Penh to the countryside. In early 1976, she was forced into marriage in a cooperative in Battambang province. She was informed only one day before the wedding date. There was no traditional ceremony. The couple held hands and made their marriage commitment statement before KR cadres. At night, there were spies underneath the newlyweds’ house to check if they made love. If the couple didn’t do so, they were punished.


5.HENG KEAP’S INTERVIEW

Length: 12’44
Year: 2017
Place: Kampot

The interview is conducted by Mrs. YIM Theary, psychotherapist/conflict and peace consultant. It concerns the married life of Mr. HENG (57 years old) under Pol Pot’s regime (1975-1979). The Khmer Rouge arranged a collective marriage for 9 couples in his cooperative. As a member of a youth mobile unit at that time, he was forced to marry a woman in whom he was interested but did not love him. They spent 7 or 8 months together before having sexual relations. They separated following the collapse of the Khmer Rouge, even though they already had three children together.

 


6.CHEUK SOPHA’S INTERVIEW

Length: 14’51
Year: 2017
Place: Battambang

Mrs CHEUK Sopha has an older brother and a younger sister. She was living in Battambang province with her father when the Khmer Rouge won the war against Lon Nol’s regime. Like other Cambodians, her family was sent to a worksite near Tonle Sap Lake. Sopha’s father died because of malaria and her brother was killed by the Khmer rouge. They accused him of being CIA. She was forced to marry her husband, who was later killed.


7.ALLAH, MY LORD

Length: 13’22
Year: 2017
Place: Kampot

In 1975, Mrs.TEU Ry was taken by the Khmer Rouge to Koh Kchorng. Due to her Cham ethnic identity, she suffered a lot: she was forced to eat pork, cut her hair, and do heavy labor. The Khmer Rouge forced her to get married to a stranger. There were around 20 couples at that time. Fortunately, her selected husband didn’t show up. He escaped to Vietnam. Mrs Teu was sent to a KR prison in Koh Kchorng where she witnessed cruelties committed by Khmer Rouge guards, who killed prisoners and ate their intestines.


8.DOEUK SOM’S INTERVIEW

Length: 18’
Year: 2017
Place: Pursat

Because of poverty and civil war, Mrs. DOEUK Som couldn’t go to school. In 1974, Khmer Rouge soldiers arrived to her village in Pursat province and made inhabitants go to the forest with them. The Khmer rouge indoctrinated the villagers in their ideology and sent them to fight against Lon Nol’s forces barehanded. After the victory of Khmer Rouge, she, like other Cambodians, was sent to build dikes and canals. She was arrested and imprisoned in 1977 after being accused a traitor. She was tortured with electric shocks and forced to do heavy labor until mid-1978. A few months later, she was forced to get married. Her husband left her with their children after the collapse of the Khmer Rouge regime.


9.SOT LAH’S INTERVIEW

Length:12’12
Year: 2017
Place: Kampot

Mrs. SOT Lah, a 57-year-old Khmer muslim, is interviewed by the psychotherapist YIM Theary about her life under the Khmer Rouge regime. Because of her ethnicity, she was badly treated by the Khmer Rouge and ‘Old People’. She was evacuated to Chhouk (Kampot province), where she was forced to get married in late 1975.


11. Ms. UN Dane and Mrs. OEM Tem

Length:17’28
Year: 2018
Place: Kampong Speu

Mrs. Oem Tem is currently living in Kampong Speu. Her family was evacuated to different areas. During the Khmer Rouge regime, she worked in the child mobile unit. She was also threatened by the Khmer Rouge because she had lost one of their cats. Fortunately, with the help of her team leader, she was allowed to look for the cat for three days and it was eventually found. The Khmer Rouge pardoned her.


12. Ms. UN Dane and Mrs. OEM Satum

Length:40’27
Year: 2018
Place: Kampong Speu

Mrs. Oem Satum currently lives in Kampong Speu. During the Khmer Rouge regime, she was evacuated to this province. She worked in the mobile unit, living apart from her mother, father and siblings. She had leukopathy and diarrhea. In the hospital, she saw many patients who had died, had no proper care, without enough medicine.


13. Ms. OEM Sela and Mr. OEM Savon

Length:21’52
Year: 2018
Place: Svay Rieng

Mr. Oem Savon is a resident of Svay Rieng province. He was about 10 years old during the Khmer Rouge regime. He worked in the child mobile unit, tended cattle, picked up cow manure for fertilizer, etc. He later worked in the mobile unit, such as digging, building dike, and so on. He lost four relatives during the Khmer Rouge regime due to severe torture, starvation and lack of medication for disease.


14. Ms. OEM Sela and Mrs. Ngin Rina

Length:21’09
Year: 2018
Place: Svay Rieng

Mrs. Ngin Rina is a native of Svay Rieng province. She was seven years old at the time of the Khmer Rouge. The Khmer Rouge asked her to pick up cow menure and help look after the little children with her grandmother. The other two older siblings were tending cattle. At the age of eight, besides helping to look after the little children with her grandmother, she had to tend cattle as well. She had to live separately from her mother because her mother was accused of immorality, and she was fined to pile up three meters with one meter deep of dirt a day and stay away from her family.


15. Mr. HOUT Chhairath and Mrs. Rath Ra

Length:29’37
Year: 2018
Place: Takeo

Mrs. Rath Ra currently resides in Kampong Speu. During the Khmer Rouge, she was assigned by the village chief to be the leader of her team. Then she became a night patrol in the village and during the day, she practiced shooting for night patrol. After that, she was transferred to the regional unit. This was called “Regional Unit 52”. She had to work as a canal digger, and then work as a feeder until the fall of the Khmer Rouge. She was called to marry without notice with 18 other couples. At the time of the marriage, no parents were involved – the Khmer Rouge forced the 18 couples to hold hands and make a lifetime commitment. After the commitment, the Khmer Rouge distributed the new homes to newly married couples and had a morning banquet. Immediately after the marriage, there were night patrols to spy at night to see if they were compatible.


16. Mr. HOK Chheangkhy and Mr. SIM Ponleu

Length:18’53
Year: 2018
Place: Tbong Khmum

Mr. Sim Ponleu was born in Tbong Khmum province. He was a monk, but after the coup of General Lon Nol overthrowning King Norodom Sihanouk, he resigned at the age of 24 to reunite with the Khmer Rouge’s national liberation movement. When he first joined the Khmer Rouge, he worked in a department called Khor.Vor.Sor. (the cultural propaganda of the district), where he played cassette tapes announcing the work of the frontline and backline battle, and later became a printer of documents for people to understand the frontline and backline battle. He also learned art techniques and became an art trainer in his district.


17. Mr. HOK Chheangkhy and Mrs. YIEV Thieng

Length:48’27
Year: 2018
Place: Tbong Khmum

Mrs. Yiev Thieng was about 15-16 in the Khmer Rouge regime, and she joined the art group of Kroch Chhmar district. She shared her life experiences with her son. During the Khmer Rouge era, she was separated from her parents to study art techniques in the district and later became a trainer. While performing, she must have said what she was told. Besides working as an artist, she also dug canals like other people, and she helped many new people who had been evacuated to her area.


18. Mr. AN Sopheaktra and Mr. Meas Hay

Length:44’28
Year: 2018
Place: Svay Rieng

Mr. Meas Hay was a young man studying at a pagoda in Svay Rieng province. During the Sangkum Reastr Niyum, after the overthrowning of King Norodom Sihanouk, he no longer learned, and Svay Rieng province was occupied by the liberation army, so he forced himself to join the Khmer Rouge. He later participated in several battles. He was injured and sent to Phnom Penh. He saw some scenes in Phnom Penh at that time. After the fall of the Khmer Rouge regime, he returned to his homeland. His friends called him to join the Vietnamese army, but he didn’t go because he was so tired of war.


19. Mr. AN Sopheaktra and Mrs. Yuos Yin

Length:49’03
Year: 2018
Place: Svay Rieng

Mrs. Yuos Yin lives in Svay Rieng province. In the Lon Nol era, she and her family had to flee from the bombing, and during the Khmer Rouge, he was the head of the children unit. Later, she joined the mobile unit working on the dirt piling up and digging canals. She was very hard working at the time, and she was not well fed, unlike the army chiefs or cadres, who were well fed. After the fall of the Khmer Rouge, she returned home.


20. Mr. CHIV Chorn  and Mrs. Sem

Length:22’18
Year: 2018
Place: Siem Reap

Mrs. Sem is based in Siem Reap. She struggled a lot before the Khmer Rouge regime. She and her family were not in the area, but ran into the forest to escape the bombing. Later, during the Khmer Rouge era, she was an artist. She learned to sing, dance and then she had a husband and two children. She had a hard time because she had to move to a lot of places and there was no enough food and water to use.












31. Ms. MEAS Salin and Mrs. Sorn

Length:21’44
Year: 2018
Place: Siem Reap

Mrs. Sorn currently lives in Siem Reap Province and has nine siblings. She is the fifth of the siblings. She lived in a cooperative house in a region that was quite supportive. She could plant vegetables for her own consumption. Her children married under the Khmer Rouge, but she only had a 5 cent coin to give to her children as a wedding present. After the ceremonies, she secretly celebrated rituals for the happiness of her children and to inform the elders of the events.


32. Mr. Ploth Dara and Mrs.  Pann Saroeum

Length:57’18
Year: 2018
Place: Siem Reap

Mrs. Pann Saroeum is 64 years old and lives in the village of Phnom Trung Bat. She was married under the Lon Nol regime. Soon after, her husband was conscripted into Lon Nol’s army. At the Khmer Rouge time, her husband has lived little with her. She was alone with her younger sister. The Khmer Rouge regime deeply affected her psychologically because she lost 12 members of her family, including her mother. After the fall of the Khmer Rouge, she returned to her village and began to perform religious ceremonies to calm her torments.


33. Ms. Rich Sreymach and Mrs. Aut Saut

Length:64’11
Year: 2018
Place: Siem Reap

Ms. Aut Saut currently lives in Tbaeng Village, Banteay Srey District, Siem Reap Province. She is 64 years old.


35. Mr. VIN Meta and Mrs. LUONG Sary

Length:33’33
Year: 2018
Place: Siem Reap

Ms. Luong Savy has six brothers and sisters and lives in Siem Reap Province. Under Lon Nol’s regime, she and her family had to leave their homes to avoid bombing. Under the Khmer Rouge, she worked in a itinerary unit. At the end of 1978, the Khmer Rouge forced her to marry, but she didn’t live with her husband. After the Khmer Rouge regime fell, she got married again.

 


36. Ms. Som Sreynith and Mr. Yat Yem

Length:46’15
Year: 2018
Place: Siem Reap

Mr. Yat Yem was born in Tbaeng Village, Tbaeng Commune, Banteay Srey District, Siem Reap Province. He has six brothers and sisters, three girls and three boys. He was born and lived under the French protectorate. He went to school for two years and learnt Siamese language. He passed the exam and went to study in Thailand. He was educated under the French protectorate. Finally, during the Sangkum Reastr Niyum and the Lon Nol regime, he became an ordinary citizen without a major post, but he remembered all the details of the events that occurred at that time. Under the Khmer Rouge, he had orders to carry soil, dig canals, like everyone, while being undernourished.


37. Mr. CHEANG Pharen and Mrs. SOR Hean

Length:17’47
Year: 2018
Place: Siem Reap

Mrs. Sor Hean is one of four brothers and sisters and has eight children. Under the Khmer Rouge, she was not deported and worked in a women’s group. Occasionally, itinerary unit members helped her group. In her village, there were executions after the arrival of the Southwest zone men. Later, the Vietnamese troops came to liberate and she was able, like the other inhabitants, to return home.

 


61. Mr. SOR Hol and Mr.  KHUN Sros

Length:40’26
Year: 2018
Place: Tbong Khmum


71. Mr. KHLOEM Dina and Mr. CHUM Net

Length:47’04
Year: 2019
Place: Pursat


75. Mr. Noun Sophon and Mrs. Kren Ren

Length:49’02
Year: 2019
Place: Pursat


76. Mr. Soeung Seng and Mr. Chea Saroun

Length:44’07
Year: 2019
Place: Pursat